Today (December 27) is the second day of Kwanzaa. The principle we focus on is Kujichagulia (koo-gee-chah-goo-lee-ah) or self-determination.
Greeting: Habari gani!
On the second day of Kwanzaa the black candle, the center candle, is again lit in the kinara (candle holder) and then the red candle that is next to the black candle on the left. The red candle represents the second of the seven principles of Kwanzaa, Kujichagulia which means self-determination. We affirm our determination to create, name and define our lives for ourselves, instead of allowing others to do this for us.
The person who lights the candle makes a statement about the principle and its meaning. Sometimes a passage or poem is read relating to what the principle means and how it relates to their life.
Then the kikombe cha umoja (kee-comb-bay-chah-oo-MOH-jah) or unity cup might be filled with fruit juice and shared among those gathered. Each person is supposed to drink from the cup and pass it to the next person. For sanitary reasons some families simply pass the cup from one person to the next. Other families prefer to use a Unity cup for each member, or the cup can just be left in the center of the Kwanzaa table.
After the sharing of the Unity cup the candles are extinguished till the next day.
“The most courageous act is still to think for yourself. Aloud.” - Coco Chanel
Another way to light the Kwanzaa candles:
On the second day the black candle is again lit, as well as the farthest red candle on the left.